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Structural steel is a favorite in the world of construction for many reasons. First, products can be produced quickly to speed up projects. These materials usually cost less than other building materials and have a great aesthetic appeal that customers love. Also, structural steel is sustainable because it is made from recycled content. Specifically, when a building is torn down, 98% of the structural steel can be recycled into new steel products. This blog will cover three types of structural steel welding.


Stud Welding

Stud welding is the process of using a stud or fastener to attach the base metal or substrate. This process is also known as Drawn Arc Stud Welding (DASW) and is commonly used for the construction of buildings and bridges. It also may be used for cable management, in restaurant-grade coffee makers or griddles, and for shipbuilding.


Flux Core Welding

Flux core welding is a preferred option for a lot of projects because it is fast and portable. This welding style can be automatic or semiautomatic and requires a consumable electrode, flux, and constant voltage. Two types of flux core welding exist. The first is shielded gas operation where gas from an external source is applied to make the weld. The other is self-shielding operation where the gas is produced during the process of flux decomposition within the wire.


Stick Welding

Stick welding is a common method done by hand. To combine materials, welders need a constant electrical power source and a flux-covered consumable electrode. This is the simplest and least expensive way to weld. Stick welding is an option for outdoor projects and, like flux core welding, is also portable.


If you are new to the world of welding, stick welding is a great place to start. This is the cheapest method and can be done on a small scale so you do not have to sink money into purchasing materials. Be sure to do some reading ahead of time to gain a deeper understanding for the process. It will be helpful to look at pictures and diagrams as well as watch videos to understand the science behind types of structural steel welds.